Army


Army
   During the Dutch Revolt against Spain, the armies consisted mainly of mercenaries. In times of war, they were recruited for ser vice in the naval fleet and in the army; during peacetime, most were dismissed, with a civil militia retained to keep order. Conscription was introduced in the 19th century. The Dutch armies were also ac tive in the colonies, especially the Netherlands East Indies (In donesia). Defense in Europe was relatively weak, but was somewhat strengthened by the Dutch foreign policy of neutrality—which was effective only in World War I. Fortified cities with permanent gar risons on the borders of the country, for example, Bourtange, Grol (Groenlo), Coevorden, and Maastricht, and many other fortifica tions, had become obsolete by the middle of the 19th century; most were demolished. Since 1945, the army has gradually been integrated into the forces of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). In the last few decades, Dutch troops have participated in United Na tions (UN) and NATO peacekeeping missions, for instance, in Lebanon, the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan, and Iraq. Women have been present in the army since World War II, until 1982 in a special division. In 2005, a yearly Veterans Day was introduced on 29 June, the birthday of Prince Bernhard.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Army — Ar my, n. [F. arm[ e]e, fr. L. armata, fem. of armatus, p. p. of armare to arm. Cf. {Armada}.] 1. A collection or body of men armed for war, esp. one organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, under proper officers.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Army — ist der verkürzte Ausdruck z. B. für United States Army British Army British Indian Army Continental Army Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehr …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • army — [är′mē] n. pl. armies [ME & OFr armee < armer, ARM2, v.] 1. a large, organized body of soldiers for waging war, esp. on land 2. a military unit, usually two or more army corps, together with auxiliary troops 3. STANDING ARMY …   English World dictionary

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  • army — [n1] military force, usually for land armed force, artillery, battalion, battery, brigade, cavalry, column, command, company, corps, detail, division, flight, formation, infantry, legion, outfit, patrol unit, platoon, regiment, soldiers, soldiery …   New thesaurus

  • army — index band Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • army — (n.) late 14c., armed expedition, from O.Fr. armée (14c.) armed troop, armed expedition, from M.L. armata armed force, from L. armata, fem. of armatus armed, equipped, in arms, pp. of armare to arm, lit. act of arming, related to arma tools, arms …   Etymology dictionary

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  • army — ► NOUN (pl. armies) 1) an organized military force equipped for fighting on land. 2) a large number of similar people or things. ORIGIN Old French armee, from Latin armare to arm …   English terms dictionary

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